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Indonesia under Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) presidency tend to put Peacekeeping Operation as important instrument for foreign policy. The evidence of this phenomenon is the policy of SBY to increase Indonesia participation at UN PKO, the goal is to make Indonesia as Top Ten Troops Contribution Countries in 2019. This ambition reflection a vision of Indonesia government to look more active in international affairs by contribution to maintain international peace. But at other side, Indonesia defence spending is more than enough to meet minimum routine requirement and Indonesia Army still have negatif opinion for human right violation during Orde Baru regime. This research attempt to discuss the reason behind SBY policy to increase Indonesia participation on UNPKO and make Indonesia as Top Ten UN PKO TCC. The research will use theory of foreign policy determinant by Rossenau to find out the reason that drive SBY to make that policy. Thoose determinant not only will find at international level and but also at domestic level.
Keyword— Domestic level; International level; UNPKO